Blood Sugar Levels After Eating – Does Food Affect Sugar Level In The Body?


When it comes to a healthier and more balanced life, the term “blood sugar” is very common in talks. Whether you are someone who pays close attention to your diet or simply seeks to understand the ins and outs of the human body, blood sugar is a concept that affects all. It’s a fundamental aspect of your physiology, governing how your body processes the energy you derive from the foods you consume. 

But what happens to your blood sugar levels after a meal, and why is it important to know? But what are normal blood sugar levels? And how you can keep your sugar level stabilized. To find out the answers to each of these queries, read this article.

What Are Blood Sugar Levels?

Blood sugar, also known as blood glucose levels, acts as a fuel gauge for your body, indicating the amount of sugar in your blood at any moment. Sugar is vital for providing energy to the body, but maintaining the right levels is crucial. When it’s excessively high (hyperglycemia), it can be detrimental, and when it’s too low (hypoglycemia), it can also lead to issues.

What Are The Normal Blood Sugar Levels After Eating?

Normal blood sugar levels after eating can vary depending on the time since you’ve had a meal.

Normal Blood Sugar Levels After Eating

Below is a table showing normal sugar levels:

Normal Blood Sugar Ranges After Eating (mg/dL)
Adults without diabetes90-140 – 2hrs after eating
Adults with diabetesUnder 180 – 2hrs after eating
Adults with diabetes taking mealtime insulinUnder 180 – 2hrs after eating
Adults with diabetes not taking mealtime insulinUnder 140 – 2hrs after eating
Pregnant adults with gestational diabetesUnder 140 – 1hr after eating Under 120 – 2hrs after eating
Pregnant adults having type 1 or type 2 diabetesUnder 110-140 – 1hr after eatingUnder 100-120 – 2hrs after eating
Children and teens under 18 with diabetesUnder 200 – 1hr after eatingUnder 180 – 2hrs after eating

How Does Food Affect Sugar Level in the Body?

When you eat food, mainly carbs like bread, pasta, and desserts, your body separates them into sugar called glucose. This glucose goes into your circulation system and raises your glucose levels. Various food varieties influence your glucose levels in various ways. Food sources with a great deal of sugar and straightforward carbs can make your glucose levels spike rapidly.

Then again, food varieties with fiber, protein, and complex carbs (like entire grains and vegetables) are processed all the more leisurely, causing a slower, steadier expansion in glucose.

What Is The Impact Of High Sugar Levels On The Body?

High sugar levels in the body can have serious consequences. Some critical impacts are:

1. Energy Problems

High sugar levels can prompt an absence of energy. Commonly, sugar (glucose) is like fuel for your body’s cells. Regardless, when there’s an unreasonable measure of sugar in your blood, it can’t enter the cells precisely. Appropriately, your cells don’t get the energy they need, and you feel depleted and slow.

2. Thirst And Frequent Urination

At the point when your glucose is high, your kidneys attempt to wipe out the abundance of sugar by sifting it through pee. This prompts expanded pee, and subsequently, you become exceptionally parched. This consistent pattern of drinking and peeing can be awkward and troublesome.

3. Blurry Vision

High sugar levels can influence the focal points in your eyes. It can make the focal points expand, prompting hazy vision. This can make it hard to see things plainly, and it’s a typical side effect in individuals with uncontrolled diabetes.

4. Nerve Damage (Neuropathy)

Over the long run, determinedly high sugar levels can hurt your nerves. This condition is known as neuropathy. It frequently begins with side effects like shivering or deadness in your grasp and feet. In severe cases, it can prompt agony or loss of sensation, influencing your capacity to utilize them easily.

How To Keep Your Sugar Levels Stabilized?

Keeping your sugar levels stable is crucial for your health, especially if you have diabetes or want to prevent it. Some steps you can take are:

1. Balanced Diet

Eat an even eating routine that incorporates a blend of carbs, proteins, and sound fats. Pick complex starches like entire grains and vegetables over sweet or handled food sources.

2. Regular Physical Activity

Work out consistently to assist your body with involving sugar for energy. It can likewise make your cells more delicate to insulin, a chemical that manages glucose.

3. Medication (if prescribed)

If you have diabetes, accept your recommended drugs as coordinated by your medical care supplier. These can assist with controlling your glucose levels.

4. Regular Monitoring

Check your glucose levels routinely, particularly assuming you have diabetes. This assists you with understanding how your body responds to food, exercise, and meds, permitting you to make essential changes.

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Regulating blood sugar levels is crucial for averting multiple health concerns, including diabetes, mood swings, and energy fluctuations. This is a significant stride in assuming control of your health and fostering a harmonious and rewarding life.

Keep in mind that there’s no universal solution when it comes to managing your diet and blood sugar. Everybody is distinct, so what suits you best might not be the same for others. Monitoring blood sugar, seeking guidance from healthcare experts, and exploring diverse dietary approaches are valuable steps in discovering the method that fits you best.

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Dr. David G Kiely is a distinguished Medical Reviewer and former General Medicine Consultant with a wealth of experience in the field. Dr. Kiely's notable career as a General Medicine Consultant highlights his significant contributions to the medical field.

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