Normal Blood Sugar Levels During Pregnancy – Discover The Risk Factors


While anticipating the arrival of your little one, your body goes through remarkable changes to support and nurture the new life growing within you. Amidst these emotional and physical transformations, it’s crucial to prioritize your health for both yourself and the optimal development of your unborn child. Managing blood sugar levels becomes a vital aspect of this journey as they fluctuate during pregnancy, requiring extra attention and care for a smooth and healthy gestation period.

It is essential to comprehend the subtleties of blood sugar management during pregnancy since it directly affects the developing baby and the expectant mother. That is where this article comes in. This article will discuss what are the average blood sugar levels during pregnancy.

What Are The Normal Blood Sugar Levels During Pregnancy?

Normal blood sugar levels during pregnancy are slightly different from the usual ranges. Here’s a simple table with the recommended blood sugar level ranges for pregnant individuals:

Time of TestTarget Blood Sugar
Fasting (without consuming any food or liquids in the morning)60-95 mg/dL (3.3 – 5.3 mmol/L)
1 hour after a mealLess than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L)
2 hours after a mealLess than 120 mg/dL (9.7 mmol/L)

What Is Gestational Diabetics?

Gestational diabetes is a kind of diabetes that specific individuals get during pregnancy. It happens when your body can not oversee sugar as expected, prompting high glucose levels. This condition generally disappears in the wake of conceiving an offspring, yet it’s vital to control it during pregnancy to keep both you and your child sound.

Gestational Diabetics

What Are The Effects Of Gestational Diabetics?

Gestational diabetes can affect you and your baby during pregnancy. Some critical effects to be aware of:

1. Complications for You

Developing gestational diabetes can heighten the likelihood of experiencing high blood pressure and preeclampsia during pregnancy. It may also lead to a higher chance of needing a cesarean section.

2. Baby’s Size

If your blood sugar levels are not well managed, your baby may grow too large, which can make delivery more challenging and increase the risk of injury during birth.

3. Low Blood Sugar in Baby

After birth, your baby might experience low blood sugar levels due to high insulin production triggered by gestational diabetes.

4. Risk for Type 2 Diabetes

Having gestational diabetes raises your chances of developing type 2 diabetes in the future. It’s essential to monitor your health after pregnancy.

What Are The Risks Associated With Gestational Diabetics?

Gestational diabetes comes with certain risks. Let’s break them down:

1. High Blood Pressure And Preeclampsia

Gestational diabetes can make your circulatory strain rise, which is not reasonable during pregnancy. It might build the gamble of toxemia, a condition that can hurt both you and your child. Toxemia can prompt issues like organ harm and, surprisingly, untimely birth.

2. Big Baby (Macrosomia)

If your blood sugar levels aren’t well controlled, your baby can grow too big. This problem can be because a giant baby can make childbirth harder. It might also increase the chance of birth injuries for both you and your baby.

3. Low Blood Sugar In Baby (Hypoglycemia)

After birth, your child could encounter low glucose levels. This happens because your gestational diabetes makes your child produce additional insulin. Hypoglycemia in an infant can prompt precariousness, inconvenience in taking care of, or even seizures.

4. Future Risk Of Type 2 Diabetes

Pregnancy-related gestational diabetes elevates the risk of future type 2 diabetes development. This isn’t solely a concern during pregnancy but remains a potential risk to monitor throughout your life. Inadequately managing type 2 diabetes can result in health complications such as heart disease and nerve damage.

How To Manage Gestational Diabetics?

Maintaining control of gestational diabetes is crucial to a safe pregnancy. Some of the ways how you can manage it are:

1. Healthy Eating

Eat balanced meals on whole grains, vegetables, and lean proteins. Avoid sugary and processed foods.

2. Regular Monitoring

Keep track of your blood sugar levels as your healthcare provider recommends, usually before and after meals.

3. Physical Activity

Stay active with regular, safe exercise like walking. This can assist in managing the levels of sugar in the blood.

4. Medication if Needed

At times, your healthcare professional might recommend medications such as insulin to regulate your blood sugar levels.


Maintaining balanced blood sugar levels is incredibly significant, as it not only preserves your health but also plays a crucial role in supporting the well-being of your growing baby.

Keep in mind the changes in glucose levels during pregnancy are typical, yet it’s the steady checking and proactive advances taken to keep up with the dependability that genuinely matters. With a reasonable eating routine, everyday work, and close correspondence with your medical services supplier, you can successfully manage your glucose levels, cultivating a solid pregnancy.

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Dr. David G Kiely is a distinguished Medical Reviewer and former General Medicine Consultant with a wealth of experience in the field. Dr. Kiely's notable career as a General Medicine Consultant highlights his significant contributions to the medical field.

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